THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
It was Dr Marimba Ani who came up with the name MAAFA ( a Swahili word meaning great disaster ) for the experience of the African during the African holocaust.
Pastor john Hawkins went to the coast of Africa, sierra leone in the year 1562 through violence and subterfuge promising land and riches in the new world he decived many Africans were he promised them life in heaven forever, they were enslaved. Thus began the british slave trade.
The transatlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of between 25 – 30 million AFRICAN people from Africa continent to the Western Hemisphere from the middle of the 15th century to the end of the 19th century.
The trafficking of Africans by the major European countries during this period is sometimes referred to by African scholars as the Maafa (‘great disaster’ in Swahili). It’s now considered a crime against humanity.
The slave trade not only led to the violent transportation overseas of millions of Africans but also to the deaths of many millions more. Nobody knows the total number of people who died during slave raiding and wars in Africa, during transportation and imprisonment, or in horrendous conditions during the so-called Middle Passage, the voyage from Africa to the Americas.
The slave trade was a massive war in which Arabs allied with the Europeans waged a war to destroy black civilization.
1. Dismantle families, tribes and nations
2. Destroy languages, cultures and lineages
3. Stop the teaching or practicing of any ancestral traditions
4. Impose foreign religions that promote the invaders as servants of GOD.
Dr. Umar Johnson – God is not coming to save Black people
The Good Ship Jesus
What has come to be referred to as “The Good Ship Jesus” was in fact the “Jesus of Lubeck,” a 700-ton ship purchased by King Henry VIII from the Hanseatic League, a merchant alliance between the cities of Hamburg and Lubeck in Germany. Twenty years after its purchase the ship, in disrepair, was leant to Sir John Hawkins by Queen Elizabeth.
Hawkins, a cousin of Sir Francis Drake, was granted permission from Queen Elizabeth for his first voyage in 1562. He was allowed to carry Africans to the Americas “with their own free consent” and he agreed to this condition. Hawkins had a reputation for being a religious man who required his crew to “serve God daily” and to love one another. Sir Francis Drake accompanied Hawkins on this voyage and subsequent others. Drake, was himself, devoutly religious. Services were held on board twice a day.
The kidnapping of Africans occurred mainly in the region that now stretches from Senegal to Angola. However, in the 19th century some enslaved Africans were also transported across the Atlantic from parts of eastern and south-eastern Africa.
In spite of the fact that all the major European countries were involved in the transatlantic slave trade, Britian became one of the world leaders. So dominant were British ships and merchants that they carried away African captives not only to British colonies in North America and the Caribbean but even to the colonies of their main economic rivals, the French and Spanish, as well as to others.
enslaved Africans were sent to most of the colonies of South and Central America and the Caribbean, as well as to what became the United States. Some Africans were transported to Europe and lived in such countries as Portugal and France as well as in England.
The transatlantic slave trade is sometimes known as the ‘Triangular Trade’, since it was three-sided, involving voyages:
” from Europe to Africa
” from Africa to the Americas
” from the Americas back to Europe.
It’s generally seen as a ‘trade’ since it revolved around transactions. African kings and merchants were engaged in an unequal trade, since African societies gained little of permanent value, certainly nothing that led to significant economic development.
Europeans, on the other hand, generally exported manufactured items such as alcohol, textiles and guns to Africa to be exchanged for African captives. The production of such items, as well as the construction of ships, shackles and other items connected with the slave trade, certainly contributed to the development of manufacturing in Europe.
The voyage across the Atlantic, known as the Middle Passage, generally took 6 to 8 weeks. Once in the Americas those Africans who had survived the journey were off-loaded for sale and put to work as slaves.
The ships then returned to Europe with goods such as sugar, coffee, tobacco, rice and later cotton, which had been produced by AFRICAN labour.
In addition, the slave trade contributed to the growth of banking and insurance in Europe and provided the finance to develop European capitalist economies further. Africa may have supplied the human labour that was central to these developments in Europe, but it didn’t benefit from them itself. Instead, it lost millions of people, many of its societies were ravaged.
While the slave trade had a major impact on the economic development of the modern world, it also contributed to the emergence of a new African diaspora, particularly the spread of people of African origin to the Americas. Today there are tens of millions of people of African origin who, as a consequence of the forced removal of their ancestors, live in the Caribbean, the United States, Brazil and other countries in the Western Hemisphere,
Another legacy of the slave trade is the continued existence of a body of ideas initially formulated to justify it and which now underpins modern anti-African racism in all its forms.
These harmful ideas have no basis in fact but were and are designed to suggest that Africa and Africans are inferior to Europe and Europeans in a variety of ways. These views permeated the centuries of the slave trade and the enslavement of Africans and continued to be expressed during the post-slavery colonial era. They still exist today in the form of racial stereotypes and prejudices and racist violence, as well as Eurocentric views about Africa, its peoples and their cultures.
The slave trade finally came to an end due to a variety of factors, including the protests of millions of ordinary people in Europe and the United States. Its abolition was also brought about by millions of Africans who continually resisted enslavement and rebelled against slavery in order to be free.
FALLACY OF BLACKS SELLING BLACKS
Was it worth the fight some of us now say we are born in England so we are English, Europeans anything but the reality that WE are AFRICANS born abroad, they did not come to Africa and bring Trinidadians to Trinidad, Jamaicans to Jamaica etc etc they bought Africans.
English man history goes back to Saxons and Romans, the African man history goes back to Cushites, Yoruba, Zulu’s and Egyptians. So why do we let the slave master define who we are ?
BOOKS: Dr MARIMBA ANI Yurugu : An African centered Critique. of European culture .