JIM CROW

 

       DR John Henrik Clarke once said

“Heritage, in essence, is the means by which people have used their talents to create a history that gives them memories they can respect and that they can use to command the respect of other people.

The ultimate purpose of heritage and heritage teaching is to use people’s talents to develop awareness and pride in themselves so that they themselves can achieve good relationships with other people.”

 

History of Jim crow laws

 

   America June 11th 1787 the United states Constitutional convention state delegates came to the conclusion that Africans ( slaves ) were only 3/5th human.

 The compromise solution was to count three out of five  Africans (slaves) as people and give southern states a third more seats in congress . The compromise was proposed by delegate James Wilson and seconded by delegate Charles Pinckney.

So this was how the people of America saw the Africans at that time as 3/5th human.

This mindset brought about the JIM CROW LAWS 100 years later 1877.

Jim Crow law, in U.S. history, any of the laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s.

  ((  Rosa Parks is famous for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus to make room for white passengers when the bus driver ordered her to.

The driver had her arrested and she was convicted of violating Montgomery’s Jim Crow segregation laws.

Why did Rosa Parks not give up her seat ?

She wasn’t incapable of leaving her seat when bus driver James F. Blake demanded her to do so. … Parks, the mother of the civil rights movement, made the decision to remain in her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus because she didn’t believe she should have to move because of her race, even though that was the law.

Rosa Parks sits in the front of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, after the Supreme Court ruled segregation illegal on the city bus system on December 21st, 1956. Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955 for refusing to give up her seat in the front of a bus in Montgomery set off a successful boycott of the city busses.  ))

From the late 1870 southern states started to pass laws requiring the separation of whites from ” persons of colour ”

On public transportation  and in schools. Generally, anyone of  strongly suspected of  black ancestry in any degree (bi-racial )  was for that purpose a “ person of colour ”  The segregation principle was extended to parks, cemeteries, theatres, and restaurants in an effort to prevent any contact between blacks and whites as equals. It was codified on local and state levels and most famously with the “separate but equal” decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).

 

THE END OF JIM CROW LAWS 1877 – 1964 .

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, which legally ended discrimination and segregation that had been institutionalized by Jim Crow laws

New Video Watch

” Jim Crow and America Racism Explained ”

 

JIM CROW.

The state of Tennessee enacted 20 Jim Crow laws between 1866 and 1955, including six requiring school segregation, four which outlawed miscegenation, three which segregated railroads, two requiring segregation for public accommodations, and one which mandated segregation on streetcars.

(NEW Video)

” What was the JIM CROW laws. ”

 

Why did Jim Crow laws end ?

Jim Crow law, in U.S. history, any of the laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s. … The term came to be a derogatory epithet for African Americans and a designation for their segregated life.

New video

Segregation and Jim Crow

Not forgetting The three-fifths ratio originated with an amendment proposed to the Articles of Confederation on April 18, 1783. The amendment was to have changed the basis for determining the wealth of each state, and hence its tax obligations, from real estate to population, as a measure of ability to produce wealth.