AFRICA LIBERATION DAY IS AN ANNUAL CELEBRATION OF THE FOUNDING OF THE “ORGNISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY” ON THE 25TH MAY 1963.
IT IS CELEBRATED BY AFRICANS AT HOME ( AFRICA ) AND ABROAD VARIOUS COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD. THE O.A.U. (ORGANISATION AFRICAN UNITY) NOW CALLED THE AFRICAN UNION FIGHTS AGAINST COLONIALISM AND APARTHEID AND CELEBRATES THE PROGRESS THAT AFRICA HAS MADE.
AFRICA DAY IS A PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN MANY AFRICAN COUNTRIES.
MALCOM X 1959.
RED, BLACK AND GREEN: THE AFRICAN LIBERATION FLAG AND THE MEANING BEHIND IT.
The Red, Black and Green stripes of the African Liberation Flag were first drawn back in the early 1920s with Marcus Garvey’s support, originally in response to a racist and derogatory song. Over the next few decades, the Red, Black and Green (RBG) flag garnered support from different areas and causes around the world, within and across different African diaspora communities.
In addition to African liberation, the RBG flag now represents many things for the African race, including the promotion of Pan-Africanism. Pan-Africanism constitutes the combination of all the elements of political and intellectual thought among the African diaspora over the last two centuries. Ideology, politics, organizations, and culture have all played a role among the changing definitions of what Pan-Africanism is. However, Pan-Africanism actually represents a wide range of political leanings and opinions which aren’t limited by political concerns within a nation or between nations.
Pan-Africanism is essentially a belief in African people (both part of the diaspora and the African people still on the continent of Africa) that we share not only a history, as well as, a destiny. Pan-Africanism is a feeling of interconnected histories, our present times and the future that lies ahead. Pan-Africanism, also, represents a desire to promote the African culture and self-actualization of African communities everywhere.
So what do the colours represent ?
The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), credited with developing the RBG flag, say that
The Red stripe represents blood, “the blood that unites all people of black ancestry, and [which was] shed for liberation.”
The Black on the flag represents “the people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state” while
The Green represents the land and the “abundant natural wealth of Africa.”